Bush's Speech on NATO Enlargement
Following is a transcript of the speech by President Bush yesterday in Prague, as recorded by the White House.
This NATO summit that convenes tomorrow will be the first ever held
at the capital of a Warsaw Pact. The days of the Warsaw Pact seem distant
— they must seem to you. After all, the Warsaw Pact ended a half a lifetime
ago for you. It was a dark and distant era.
The years since have brought great challenge and great hope to all of the countries on this continent. And tomorrow in Prague, we will have reached a decisive moment, an historic moment. For tomorrow, we will invite new members into our alliance. It's a bold decision, to guarantee the freedom of millions of people.
At the summit, we'll make the most significant reforms in NATO since 1949 — reforms which will allow our alliance to effectively confront new dangers. And in the years to come, all of the nations of Europe will determine their place in world events. They will take up global responsibilities, or choose to live in isolation from the challenges of our time.
As for America, we made our choice. We are committed to work toward world peace, and we're committed to a close and permanent partnership with the nations of Europe. The Atlantic alliance is America's most important global relationship.
We're tied to Europe by history. We are tied to Europe by the wars of liberty we have fought and won together. We're joined by broad ties of trade. And America is bound to Europe by the deepest convictions of our common culture — our belief in the dignity of every life, and our belief in the power of conscience to move history.
And this city, and town squares across the Czech Republic, are monuments to Jan Hus, who said this: "Stand in the truth you have learned, for it conquers all and is mighty to eternity." That ideal has given life to the Czech Republic, and it is shared by the republic I lead.
America believes that a strong, confident Europe is good for the world. We welcome the economic integration of Europe. We believe that integration will extend prosperity on both sides of the Atlantic.
We welcome a democratic Russia as part of this new Europe, because a free and peaceful Europe will add to the security of this continent. We welcome the growing unity of Europe in commerce and currency and military cooperation, which is closing a long history of rivalry and violence. This continent, wounded by Nazism and communism, is becoming peaceful and secure and democratic for the first time. And now that the countries of Europe are united in freedom, they will no longer fight each other and bring war to the rest of the world.
Because America supports a more united Europe, we strongly support the enlargement of NATO, now and in the future. Every European democracy that seeks NATO membership and is ready to share in NATO's responsibilities should be welcome in our alliance. The enlargement of NATO is good for all who join us.
The standards for membership are high, and they encourage the hard work of political and economic and military reform. And nations in the family of NATO, old or new, know this: anyone who would choose you for an enemy also chooses us for an enemy. Never again in the face of aggression will you stand alone.
A larger NATO is good for Russia, as well. Later this week, I will visit St. Petersburg. I will tell my friend Vladimir Putin and the Russian people that they, too, will gain from the security and stability of nations to Russia's west. Russia does not require a buffer zone of protection; it needs peaceful and prosperous neighbors who are also friends. We need a strong and democratic Russia as our friend and partner to face the next century's new challenges.
Through the NATO-Russia Council, we must increase our cooperation with Russia for the security of all of us.
Expansion of NATO also brings many advantages to the alliance itself. Every new member contributes military capabilities that add to our common security. We see this already in Afghanistan, for forces from Romania, Bulgaria, Estonia, Lithuania, Slovakia and others have joined with 16 NATO allies to help defeat global terror. And every new member of our alliance makes a contribution of character.
Tomorrow, NATO grows larger. Tomorrow, the soul of Europe grows stronger.
Members recently added to NATO and those invited to join bring greater
clarity to purposes of our alliance, because they understand the lessons
of the last century. Those with fresh memories of tyranny know the value
of freedom. Those who have lived through a struggle of good against evil
are never neutral between them. Czechs and Slovaks learned through the
harsh experience of 1938 that when great democracies fail to confront danger,
greater dangers follow. And the people of the Baltics learned that aggression
left unchecked by the great democracies can rob millions of their liberty
and their lives.
In Central and Eastern Europe, the courage and moral vision of prisoners and exiles and priests and playwrights caused tyrants to fall. The spirit now sustains these nations through difficult reforms. And this spirit is needed in the councils of a new Europe.
Our NATO alliance faces dangers very different from those it was formed to confront. Yet never has our need for collective defense been more urgent.
The Soviet Union is gone, but freedom still has enemies. We're threatened by terrorism; bred within failed states, it's present within our own cities. We're threatened by the spread of chemical and biological and nuclear weapons, which are produced by outlaw regimes and could be delivered either by missile or terrorist cell. For terrorists and terrorist states, every free nation — every free nation — is a potential target, including the free nations of Europe.
We're making progress on this, the first war of the 21st century. Today more than 90 nations are joined in a global coalition to defeat terror. We're sharing intelligence. We're freezing the assets of terror groups. We're pursuing the terrorists wherever they plot and train. And we're finding them and bringing them to justice, one person at a time.
Today the world is also uniting to answer the unique and urgent threat posed by Iraq. A dictator who has used weapons of mass destruction on his own people must not be allowed to produce or possess those weapons. We will not permit Saddam Hussein to blackmail and/or terrorize nations which love freedom.
Last week, Saddam Hussein accepted U.N. inspectors. We've heard those pledges before and seen them violated time and time again. We now call an end to that game of deception and deceit and denial.
Saddam Hussein has been given a very short time to declare completely and truthfully his arsenal of terror. Should he again deny that this arsenal exists, he will have entered his final stage with a lie. And deception this time will not be tolerated. Delay and defiance will invite the severest of consequences.
America's goal, the world's goal, is more than the return of inspectors to Iraq. Our goal is to secure the peace through the comprehensive and verified disarmament of Iraq's weapons of mass destruction. Voluntarily, or by force, that goal will be achieved.
To meet all of this century's emerging threats, from terror camps in remote regions to hidden laboratories of outlaw regimes, NATO must develop new military capabilities. NATO forces must become better able to fight side by side. Those forces must be more mobile and more swiftly deployed. The allies need more special operations forces, better precision strike capabilities and more modern command structures.
Few NATO members will have state-of-the-art capabilities in all of these areas, I recognize that. But every nation should develop some. Ours is a military alliance, and every member must make a military contribution to that alliance. For some allies, this will require higher defense spending. For all of us, it will require more effective defense spending, with each nation adding the tools and technologies to fight and win a new kind of war.
And because many threats to the NATO members come from outside of Europe, NATO forces must be organized to operate outside of Europe. When forces were needed quickly in Afghanistan, NATO's options were limited. We must build new capabilities and we must strengthen our will to use those capabilities.
The United States proposes the creation of a NATO response force that will bring together well equipped, highly ready air, ground and sea forces from NATO allies — old and new. This force will be prepared to deploy on short notice wherever it is needed. A NATO response force will take time to create, and we should begin that effort here in Prague.
Yet security against new threats requires more than just new capabilities.
Free nations must accept our shared obligations to keep the peace. The
world needs the nations of this continent to be active in the defense of
freedom, not inward-looking or isolated by indifference. Ignoring dangers
or excusing aggression may temporarily avert conflict, but they don't bring
International stability must be actively defended, and all nations that benefit from that stability have a duty to help. In this noble work, America and the strong democracies of Europe need each other, each playing our full and responsible role. The good we can do together is far greater than the good we can do apart.
Great evil is stirring in the world. Many of the young here are coming up in a different world, different era, a different time, a different series of threats. We face perils we've never thought about, perils we've never seen before. But they're dangerous. They're just as dangerous as those perils that your fathers and mothers and grandfathers and grandmothers faced.
The hopes of all mankind depend on the courage and the unity of great democracies. In this hour of challenge, NATO will do what it has done before: we will stand firm against the enemies of freedom, and we'll prevail.
The trans-Atlantic ties of Europe and America have met every test of history, and we intend to again. U-boats could not divide us. The threats and standoffs of the cold war did not make us weary. The commitment of my nation to Europe is found in the carefully tended graves of young Americans who died for this continent's freedom. That commitment is shown by the thousands in uniforms still serving here, from the Balkans to Bavaria, still willing to make the ultimate sacrifice for this continent's future.
For a hundred years, place names of Europe have often stood for conflict and tragedy and loss. Single words evoke sad and bitter experience — Verdun, Munich, Stalingrad, Dresden, Nuremberg and Yalta. We have no power to rewrite history. We do have the power to write a different story for our time.
When future generations look back at this moment and speak of Prague and what we did here, that name will stand for hope. In Prague, young democracies will gain new security, a grand alliance will gather a strength and find new purpose, and America and Europe will renew the historic friendship that still keeps the peace of the world.
Thank you for your interest. May God bless you all.